Yellow dwarf cichlid - Apistogramma borellii
Scientific name: Apistogramma borellii
Common name: Yellow dwarf cichlid
Usual size in fish tanks: 6 - 7 cm (2.36 - 2.76 inch)
Recommended pH range for the species: 6 - 6.8
Recommended water hardness (dGH): 5 - 20°N (89.29 - 357.14ppm)
0°C 32°F30°C 86°F
Recommended temperature: 23 - 26 °C (73.4 - 78.8°F)
The way how these fish reproduce: Spawning
Where the species comes from: South America
Temperament to its own species: peaceful
Temperament toward other fish species: peaceful
Usual place in the tank: Bottom levels
Food and feeding
Yellow dwarf cichlids are best fed on live and frozen foods. They will accept quality flakes but this should not be a major part of their diet.
South America; Yellow dwarf cichlids are to be found in the Amazon Basins of Brazil and Paraguay.
Males will display more coloration and be larger than the females. They will also have extended dorsal and anal fins. In the aquarium some of the lesser males may display less coloration to avoid conflicts with the dominant male.
One male should be housed with 3-4 females. The eggs will be laid in caves or upturned plant pots and the female will tend the eggs. The male will defend the territory from intruders, often with great vigor. Once the fry are free swimming, they can be fed on newly hatched brine shrimp.
The expected life span for Apistogramma borellii is 3-5 years.
Although Yellow dwarf cichlids are classed as a peaceful species, disputes may occur at spawning times. Hiding places should be included in the tank set up along with open swimming spaces.Apistogramma borellii is also known as Umbrella Cichlid.
Thanks to Alberto Villarroya for pictures. Other pictures were bought by aqua-fish.net from jjphoto.dk.