Cookies seem to be disabled in your browser, therefore this website will NOT work properly! Please, consider enabling Cookies in order to maximise your user experience while browsing.
Recent discussions at Aqua-Fish+
  1. Salviashaman at A guide on caring for Congo tetra (Phenacogrammus interruptus) on
  2. Salviashaman at A guide on setting a South American blackwater stream biotope aquarium on …display more of the recent discussions
  3. Figureguy at Chemistry of Aquarium Water with FAQ on
  4. Jackson20 at A guide on feeding aquarium fish frozen foods on
  5. Senator Wisdom at Bloodfin tetra (Aphyocharax alburnus) on
  6. CayceR at A page and forum devoted to keeping Blood parrot cichlids on
  7. Ness at A guide on raising African Dwarf Frogs with pictures and forum on
  8. Terry Mitchell at A guide on breeding, feeding and caring for L333 Pleco on
  9. Terry Mitchell at A guide on breeding, feeding and caring for L333 Pleco on
  10. Berna768 at Details on keeping Siamese fighting fish with images and forums on

Proper Care of Texas Cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus)

Thanks to Jan Wirén for allowing us to use his picture. The second picture was sent to us by one of our visitors. Texas cichlid Texas cichlid picture 2

Brief description

This page describes every aspect of housing Texas cichlids in fish tanks; In case you haven't found answer on your question below, use a form at the bottom to ask us! Also share experiences, please!

This cichlid is very unusual as it is the only one that is native to the United States; often it is the game fish for many anglers. It is not a recommended fish for beginners; this is due to the Texas cichlid having a very aggressive nature. It is found in sub tropical areas swimming on the bottom to mid water areas of the lower ROI Grande in Texas and north eastern areas of Mexico. The Texas cichlid mainly inhabits the pools and narrow waterways that lead onto the larger rivers. If kept in optimum conditions, this fish should live up to 15 years of age.

There are several color varieties, the main ones being the Red, Green, and Blue. The body of the fish should display white and turquoise dots on a golden background running down the middle of the body, as the dots approach the caudal fin they will turn dark. Most Texas cichlids should also display three black bars, for some reason there are a few that don’t.

Juvenile Texas cichlids will not display the full coloration, their bodies will display a grayish background with white dots, and there is also one black dot in the central part of the body with another at the base of the caudal fin.

Tank setup for the Texas cichlid:-

The smallest aquarium that a single Texas should be kept in is 75 gallons, if you intend to keep two then the aquarium needs to be at least 125 gallons, these fish need a lot of room. Fine sand is an ideal substrate and create hiding places with large rocks and bogwood or some form of roots. Only hardy plants should be added to the aquarium as the Texas will do a lot of rooting around, while establishing a territory, it may even attack or dislodge the plants entirely. Floating plants will also provide extra hiding places.

Compatible tank mates:-

Do not add any form of timid fish with the Texas, the tank mates need to be able to stick up for themselves, the safest option is to add other large cichlids from the same natural habitat.

Regular water changes are a must, as with all large cichlids, they produce a lot of waste but the Texas is very sensitive to any pollution in the aquarium. It is better to over filter the water rather than not have enough, 30-40% weekly water changes must be done to keep these fish happy.

The water temperature should be set between 21-24 deg C with a pH of 7 being ideal.

Feeding your Texas cichlid:-

Texas cichlids will accept flake and pellet food, so feed this as the main diet but treats of frozen food will be accepted readily. In the wild they will eat insects, crustaceans, worms and vegetable matter so try to include these in the diet as well.

Breeding the Texas cichlid:-

In the wild these are prolific breeders so if the water quality is good and they are well fed on a good diet, breeding should not be as problem. They prefer water that is well oxygenated and they are open breeders. Both parents will take the responsibility of looking after the fry; they will protect them very aggressively. It can be difficult to discriminate between male and female fish, but generally the female will be slightly smaller with less coloration than the male, nuchal bumps on the forehead may appear on the male but the female is also capable of growing a smaller version as well.

At a size of 2-3 inches the female should be ready to start spawning. As with most cichlids, the female will start to clean a suitable spawning site, here she will lay 500-1000 eggs. The male will soon swim to the spawning site to fertilize the eggs and then he will start guarding the nest. The eggs will be about 2mm in diameter and the female will spend all of her time tending them.

The hatching time for the eggs should be 3-5 days; in the meantime the female will be busy preparing a pit in the substrate ready for her fry. It may be that the eggs or fry may get eaten with the first few batches but with patience the parents will start raising fry with no problems. Aggressive behavior to other fish will be at a high during this stage, the male may even attack the female, leaving other fish in the tank may help to alleviate this. When the eggs have hatched, the fry will stay in their pit for a further 5-8 days before they become free swimming. Initially they will feed on vegetable matter but after a further week should accept crushed flake food and newly hatched brine shrimp.

As with every breeding pair the water quality must be excellent for the fry to survive to the juvenile stage.

Please, verify whether your login and password are valid. If you don't have an account here, register one free of charge, please. Click here to close this box.

You have been logged out successfully! This box will close automatically!

Something went wrong during processing your message, please try again!

Your message has been sent, thanks a lot!

Page has been saved, refresh it now, please!

The page has been created, you will now be redirected!

URL already exists!

Path to the photo is not unique!

Really delete this page from the database?

The page has been removed successfully, you will be redirected now!

The page couldn't be deleted!!

Unfortunately this page doesn't allow discussion. Please, find any other page that fits your area of interest as over 99% of our pages allow discussion. The reason why no discussion is allowed here is this page is too general. Thanks a lot for understanding! Click here to search, please!

Really delete this comment from the site?

Really delete this image from the site?

Really delete this image from the site?

Selected comment has been removed successfully!

Selected image has been removed successfully!

Either login or email address is required

Account has been recovered, please check your email for further instructions