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Hydrocotyle verticillata

Hydrocotyle verticillata

Scientific name: Hydrocotyle verticillata

Family: Apiaceae

Usual maximum size in aquariums: 0 - 10 cm (0 - 3.94 inch)


Recommended pH range for the species: 6 - 7.8

Recommended water hardness (dGH): 4 - 18°N (71.43 - 321.43ppm)

0°C 32°F30°C 86°F

Recommended temperature: 15 - 25 °C (59 - 77°F)

Reproduction of the plant: Lateral shoots

Origin (in the wild): South America

How fast these plants grow: Slow

Recommended substrate: Fine gravel

Demands on lighting: Bright

Ideal placement in a fish tank: Foreground

Common Name

Whorled pennywort

Lighting Requirements

Medium to Bright


Lateral shoots will grow sideways from the mother plants and at each node on the stems, new plantlets will appear. These plantlets will establish themselves in the substrate but make sure that there are plenty of nutrients available to promote quick root growth on the new plants. Cuttings can be taken from the runners as long as a leaf is growing from each section, propagating this way allows you to place each cutting where you wish and also to move the cuttings to new aquariums if required. You can also control the spreading of this plant using this method as it can become quite invasive if not kept in check.



Short Description

This plant can be grown emersed or submersed. When placed at the edge of ponds or in marshy areas, the growth rate will be quite fast. In the aquarium when the plant is submersed the growth rate will be really slow. If kept under bright lighting, the plant will be low growing and will form a carpet but if the lighting is medium the stems will grow taller.

This plant is classed as a weed when it grows naturally and it can be found extensively over a wide area of the Americas. The secret to a healthy plant is to get the lighting level correct, if the lighting is too low then the growth will be long and leggy with little strength in the stems, brighter lighting will ensure shorter growth but much stronger stems.

The beauty of this plant is the unusual shape of the leaves which resemble small parasols and make a great feature in the planted aquarium.

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